Among the most common co-morbidity with cancer among AI/AN is Diabetes
The authors of the diabetes and cancer pages are DeeAnn DeRoin, MD (Ioway) and Jennie Joe, RN, PhD (Navajo)
There are other co-morbidities (co-existing chronic conditions) that AI/AN survivors have in addition to their cancer:
- High blood pressure
- Heart conditions
What is the purpose of this NACE branch? To explain:
- What diabetes is
- What pre-diabetes is
- Who is at risk for diabetes
- Why diabetes is important
- How to manage both cancer treatment and diabetes
What information can I find in this module?
- How diabetes is diagnosed
- If you are at risk of developing diabetes
- Help with learning how to manage diabetes
- Tips for managing both cancer and diabetes
Diabetes and American Indians/Alaska Natives
- American Indian/Alaska Native adults are almost three times more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to be diagnosed with diabetes.
- American Indians/Alaska Natives were 2.5 times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes, in 2017.
- In 2016, American Indians/Native Americans were 2.4 times more likely to be diagnosed with end stage renal disease than non-Hispanic whites.
Diagnosed Cases of Diabetes
Source: CDC 2019. Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey: 2018. Table A-4a. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/shs/tables.htm
What is "diabetes" (used to be called "metabolic disorder")?
- Diabetes is a condition in which the sugar in your blood does not get into your cells.
- Cells use sugar for energy.
- The sugar in your blood (called "blood glucose") comes mostly from the food you eat to nourish your body.
- Your body needs a hormone called insulin to move the sugar from the bloodstream (the body's "transportation" system) into the cells.
- In diabetes the sugar in the blood stream builds up in the blood and causes "high blood sugar" because it can't get into the cells
- Living healthy can prevent complications
Complications from Diabetes
- If the blood sugar is not managed well, it can lead to a number of complications:
- Eye problems, including blindness
- Heart disease
- Kidney failure
- Nerve damage
- Loss of limbs
- Dental problems
- Good News
- The good news is that we now know that a healthy lifestyle:
- Can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes
- Can prevent or delay the complications of type 2 diabetes
What are behaviors to prevent diabetes?
- Eat a healthy diet (lean protein, whole grains, lots of fruits and veggies)
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Be physically active everyday