Here are some examples of potential benefits and drawbacks of participating in clinical trials:
A potential benefit: Access to high quality care - participants receive at least the current standard treatment available.
A potential drawback: Study rules may be difficult to follow and may interfere with normal daily life.
A potential benefit: Participation in a clinical trial may provide the participant with free or low-cost medical care, ongoing monitoring by health care provider, and routine follow up.
A potential drawback: There might be some barriers to participation such as lack of transportation to the study center, lack of child care during study appointments, and not being able to take time off from work to go to study visits.
A potential benefit: Clinical trials may results in a better understanding of how the treatment works in Native American patients.
A potential drawback: The treatment may not work as well in Native Americans as it does in other populations or may have more side effects in Native Americans.
A potential benefit: The study rules require that all participants be treated the same, reducing the chances that the participant will be treated unfairly.
A potential drawback: The study rules may mean that an individuals cultural, spiritual, or emotional needs may not be addressed or respected.
Example: A Native American participant needed to smudge each time before receiving treatment and she had to go outside to smudge. This often made her late for her appointments.
A potential benefit: Study participants can withdraw from a study at any time for any reason (e.g., side effects).
A potential drawback: Once a participant withdraws from a clinical trial, it is unlikely that they will be allowed back in.
Example: A study particpant withdraws from a study because of severe nausea at the beginning of the treatment. The nausea was only temporary, but the former participant is not allowed to re-enroll in the study.
A potential benefit: If the new treatment works, the participant is among the first to benefit.
A potential drawback: New treatments under study are not always as good or better than the standard treatment.
A potential benefit: The participant can contribute to improved cancer care for others.
A potential drawback: The participant may not personally benefit from participating.